How to add namespace attribute to XmlType Annotation in XJC generated Classes

I recently came across a really frustrating issue on a client site when trying to marshal a webservice response. The client code was generated using the XJC compiler in ANT and worked fine in local unit tests and when called on a JBoss application server running locally. The problem occurred when we tried to run the same code on a old application server that is used in production. We kept getting the following error:

com.sun.xml.bind.v2.runtime.IllegalAnnotationsException: 219 counts of IllegalAnnotationExceptions
Two classes have the same XML type name "". Use and @XmlType.namespace to assign different names to them.
        this problem is related to the following location:

It looked like the other application server was not able to able to see the namespace for the generated classes that was generated in As a result there was a conflict with any class in the generated code with the same class name when the response was unmarshalled. We were using the standard Spring Jaxb2Marshaller so I know it could not be that:


I searched the web for information on how to add the namespace attribute to the generated classes but there were a lot of people looking for the same information and not answers:
How do I add a namespace attribute to an element in JAXB when marshalling?
Finally I found this page ( and the suggestion to use the “-npa” argument to the xjc compiler. This argument tells the compiler to suppress generation of package level annotations (**/ You can see a full list of XJC commands here.

You can added it to the ant task as follows:



This will tell the XJC compiler to add the namespace attribute to the @XMLType annotation:

@XmlType(name = "GeneratedClass", namespace = "", propOrder = {

The marshaller is now able to map between the node in the response and the correct class.

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  1. #2 by Mrigank Puri on April 28, 2016 - 5:09 am

    This really really helped. Its the only article that I found which clearly specified how to use the -npa option in an ant task. Many thanks !! :)

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